Monday, August 8, 2011

Philadelphia Experiment

The Philadelphia experiment is one f the greatest experiment ever built and the name given by conspiracy theorists to an alleged naval military experiment which was supposedly carried out at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, sometime around October 28, 1943. It is alleged that the U.S. Navy destroyer escort USS Eldridge was to be rendered invisible (or "cloaked") to enemy devices. The experiment is also referred to as Project Rainbow.The story is widely regarded as a hoax. The U.S. Navy maintains that no such experiment occurred, and details of the story contradict well-established facts about the Eldridge, as well as the known laws of physics. The story has captured imaginations of people in conspiracy theory circles, and they repeat elements of the Philadelphia Experiment in other government conspiracy theories
The experiment was allegedly based on an aspect of the unified field theory, a term coined by Albert Einstein. The Unified Field Theory aims to describe mathematically and physically the interrelated nature of the forces that comprise electromagnetic radiation and gravity, although to date, no single theory has successfully expressed these relationships in viable mathematical or physical terms.According to the accounts, researchers thought that some version of this Unified Field Theory would enable the Navy to use large electrical generators to bend light around an object so that it became completely invisible. The Navy would have regarded this as being of obvious military value, and according to the accounts, it sponsored the experiment.
Another version of the story proposes that researchers were preparing magnetic and gravitational measurements of the seafloor to detect anomalies, supposedly based on Einstein's attempts to understand gravity. In this version there were also related secret experiments in Nazi Germany to find antigravity, allegedly led by SS-Obergruppenf├╝hrer Hans Kammler.In most accounts of the experiment, the destroyer escort USS Eldridge was fitted with the required equipment at the Philadelphia Naval Yard. Testing began in the summer of 1943, and it was supposedly successful to a limited degree. One test, on July 22, 1943, resulted in the Eldridge being rendered almost completely invisible, with some witnesses reporting a "greenish fog" appearing in its place. Crew members supposedly complained of severe nausea afterwards. Also, it is said that when the ship reappeared, some sailors were embedded in the metal structures of the ship, including one sailor who ended up on a deck level below that where he began, and had his hand embedded in the steel hull of the ship. At that point, it is said that the experiment was altered at the request of the Navy, with the new objective being solely to render the Eldridge invisible to radar. None of these allegations have been independently substantiated.
The conjecture then alleges that the equipment was not properly re-calibrated, but in spite of this, the experiment was repeated on October 28, 1943. This time, the Eldridge not only became invisible, but she physically vanished from the area in a flash of blue light and teleported to Norfolk, Virginia, over 200 miles (320 km) away. It could have teleported virtually anywhere but conveniently landed in the ocean. It is claimed that the Eldridge sat for some time in full view of men aboard the ship SS Andrew Furuseth, whereupon the Eldridge vanished from their sight, and then reappeared in Philadelphia at the site it had originally occupied. It was also said that the warship traveled back in time for about 10 seconds.
Many versions of the tale include descriptions of serious side effects for the crew. Some crew members were said to have been physically fused to bulkheads, while others suffered from mental disorders, and still others supposedly simply vanished. It is also claimed that the ship's crew may have been subjected to brainwashing, in order to maintain the secrecy of the experiment



The claims of the Philadelphia experiment contradict the known laws of physics. Magnetic fields cannot bend light waves according to Maxwell's equations. While Einstein's theory of general relativity shows that light waves can be bent near the surface of an extremely massive object, such as the sun or a black hole, current human technology cannot manipulate the astronomical amounts of matter needed to do this.
No Unified Field Theory exists, although it is a subject of ongoing research. William Moore claimed in his book on the "Philadelphia Experiment" that Albert Einstein completed, and destroyed, a theory before his death. This is not supported by historians and scientists familiar with Einstein's work. Moore bases his theory on Carl Allen's letter to Jessup, in which Allen refers to a conversation between Einstein and Bertrand Russell acknowledging that the theory had been solved, but that man was not ready for it. Shortly before his death in 1943, the physicist Nikola Tesla was said to have completed some kind of a "Unified Field Theory". It was never published.
These claims are completely at odds with modern physics. While it is true that Einstein attempted to unify gravity with electromagnetism based on classical physics, his geometric approaches, called classical unified field theories, ignored the modern developments of Quantum theory and the discovery of the Strong nuclear force and Weak nuclear force. Most physicists consider his overall approach to be unsuccessful. Attempts by recent scientists to develop a unified theory focus on the development of a quantum theory that includes gravitation. If a unified field theory were discovered, it would not offer a practical engineering method to bend light waves around a large object like a battleship.While very limited "invisibility cloaks" have recently been developed using meta-material, these are unrelated to theories linking electromagnetism with gravity.



Here is a brief history from the official website

*
The story begins in June of 1943, with the Destroyer Escort, U.S.S. Eldridge, DE-173, being fitted with tons of experimental electronic equipment.  This included, according to one source, two massive generators of 75 KVA each, mounted where the forward gun turret would have been, distributing their power through four magnetic coils mounted on the deck.  Three RF transmitters (2 megawatt CW each, mounted on the deck), three thousand “6L6” power amplifier tubes (used to drive the field coils of the two generators), special synchronizing and modulation circuits, and a host of other specialized hardware were employed to generate massive electromagnetic fields which, when properly configured, would be able to bend light and radio waves around the ship, thus making it invisible to enemy observers.
The “experiment,” said to have taken place at the Philadelphia Navy Yard and also at sea, took place on at least one occasion while in full view of the Merchant Marine ship S.S. Andrew Furuseth, and other observation ships.  The S.S. Andrew Furuseth becomes significant because one of its crewmen is the source of most of the original material making up the PX legend. Carlos Miguele Allende, also known as (A.K.A.) Carl Michael Allen, wrote a series of strange letters to one Dr. Morris K. Jessup in the 1950’s in which he described what he claims to have witnessed:  at least one of the several phases of the Philadelphia Experiment.
At 0900 hours, on July 22nd, 1943, the power to the generators was turned on, and the massive electromagnetic fields started to build up.  A greenish fog was seen to slowly envelop the ship, concealing it from view.  Then the fog itself is said to have disappeared, taking the U.S.S. Eldridge with it, leaving only undisturbed water where the ship had been anchored only moments before.
The elite officers of the U.S. Navy and scientists involved gazed in awe at their greatest achievement:  the ship and crew were not only radar invisible but invisible to the eye as well!  Everything worked as planned, and about fifteen minutes later they ordered the men to shut down the generators.  The greenish fog slowly reappeared, and the U.S.S. Eldridge began to re-materialize as the fog subsided, but it was evident to all that something had gone wrong.
When boarded by personnel from shore, the crew members above decks were disoriented and nauseous.  The U.S. Navy removed the crew from that original experiment, and shortly afterward, obtained another crew for a second experiment.  In the end, the U.S. Navy decided that they only wanted to achieve radar invisibility, and the equipment was altered.
On the 28th of October in 1943, at 17:15, the final test on the U.S.S. Eldridge was performed.  The electromagnetic field generators were turned on again, and the U.S.S. Eldridge became nearly invisible.  Only a faint outline of the hull remained visible in the water.  Everything was fine for the first few seconds, and then, in a blinding blue flash, the ship completely vanished.  Within seconds it reappeared hundreds of miles away, in Norfolk, Virginia, and was seen for several minutes.  The U.S.S. Eldridge then disappeared from Norfolk as mysteriously as it had arrived, and reappeared back in Philadelphia Naval Yard.  This time most of the sailors were violently sick.  Some of the crew were simply “missing” never to return.  Some of the crew went crazy.  The strangest result of all of this experiment was that five men were found fused to the metal within the ship’s structure.
The men that survived were never the same again.  Those that lived were discharged as “mentally unfit” for duty, regardless of their true condition.
So, what had begun as an experiment in electronic camouflage, ended up as an accidental teleportation of an entire ship and crew, to a distant location and back again, all in a matter of minutes!
Although the above may seem fantastic, one must remember, that in the 1940’s the atomic bomb was also being invented.


*
Carlos Miguele Allende was born on May 31, 1925.  On July 14, 1942, Allende joined the Marine Corps and was discharged on May 21, 1943 (Taken from the book titled The Philadelphia Experiment, pg 99).  He, then, joined the Merchant Marine and was assigned to the S.S. Andrew Furuseth.  It was upon this ship that he claimed to see the U.S.S. Eldridge in action.  Allende’s story was bizarre; he stated that he had witnessed the U.S.S. Eldridge being transported instantaneously to Norfolk from Philadelphia and back again in a matter of minutes.  Upon researching the matter further, he learned of extremely odd occurrences associated with the project and wrote a basic summation of his newly learned knowledge in a letter to Dr. Morris K. Jessup.  Dr. Jessup was an astronomer and Allende had been in the audience of one of Dr. Jessup’s lectures.  Apparently having some respect for the man, he decided to entrust Dr. Jessup with his knowledge.  The letters were written oddly:  with capitalization, punctuation, and underlines located in various places.  The letters were, also, written in several colors.  In his letters, Allende revealed horrifying details of the Philadelphia Experiment to Dr. Jessup.  Because Dr. Jessup was something of a believer in odd phenomenon he did not entirely dismiss the ideas presented to him.  He wrote back to Allende and requested new information.  The return address upon the letter never existed according to the mail-service, yet, Allende still received Dr. Jessup’s reply.  Allende responded with more detailed letters but the correspondence eventually discontinued because Dr. Jessup dismissed it as a hoax.  During the time of Dr. Jessup’s and Allende’s correspondence, Dr. Jessup had just recently published his book titled “The Case for UFO’s.”  After Allende had written to Dr. Jessup, this book was sent to the U.S. Navy and had hand-written notes inside the book.  The notes were in the same writing as in the letters sent to Dr. Jessup and eventually Dr. Jessup was asked by the U.S. Navy to view the notes.

Dr. Jessup recognized the writing immediately, but he was somewhat astonished, as he had concluded earlier that it was merely a hoax to trick him.  The notes in the book were more detailed than in the letters and were highly insightful, so Dr. Jessup eventually believed them and researched the matter.  Unfortunately, Dr. Jessup could not find any new leads.  Only one tantalizing clue had shown up.  Two crewmen had been walking in a park when a haggard looking man approached them.  The man told them a fantastic story about an experiment done in which most of the crew died or suffered terrible side effects.  He said that the government then claimed the entire crew was insane so that when they came forward, they would merely be dismissed as a group of crazy people who had merely concocted some fantastic story.  After the conversation, one crew member was convinced while the other was not.  Eventually, the member that had been convinced contacted Dr. Jessup and told him the story.  Although this was a substantial lead, Dr. Jessup was not getting very far and he found that his reputation in the scientific community was worsening.  Faced with overwhelming odds, Dr. Jessup eventually committed suicide on April 20, 1959, believing “another existence of universe being better than this miserable world” (The Philadelphia Experiment, p. 79).  Some believe that his suicide was actually an assassination by government agencies to keep the experiment quiet.  Unfortunately for Dr. Jessup, a major clue in the puzzle turned up shortly after his death.  This clue was a man by the name of Alfred D. Bielek.

Al Bielek’s story is even more bizarre than Allende’s.  He claims that he was transported in time to the future and that here in the future he was brainwashed by the U.S. Navy.  This brainwashing led him to believe that his name was Alfred Bielek, rather than his true name, Edward A. Cameron.  Upon discovering his true identity, he tracked down his brother who had also participated in the experiment.  Bielek claims that his brother time traveled to 1983 and lost his “time-lock.”  As a result, his brother aged one year every hour and eventually died.  Bielek then claims that his brother was reborn.  Needless to say, only a small group of people believe Bielek's story.  Nearly everyone thinks that his stories are based on some truth, but he’s exaggerating the truth for personal reasons.  This popular opinion seems to be reinforced when Bielek starts remembering things only after having seen the movie “The Philadelphia Experiment.”  Bielek has a Ph.D. in Physics, so he does have some technical experience.  He is also a retired electrical engineer with thirty years of experience.  Because of his obvious intelligence and skill, he cannot be discounted entirely.  Bielek stated that aliens provided the technology used in the Philadelphia Experiment.  However, the germanium transistor, which was what Bielek said had been used, was invented by Thomas Henry Moray.

Bielek also stated that Dr. Albert Einstein, Dr. John Von Neumann, and Dr. Nikola Tesla were involved in the project.  Some controversy has arisen as to the participation of Tesla because he died in New York City on January 7, 1943, which was only a two-month period of time after the project took place.  Einstein, on the other hand, suggested such a project as this to the U.S. Navy on several occasions.  Because of this, he was probably involved in the project.  As for Von Neumann, there is no evidence to refute or promote his active participation in the matter.  There is evidence that supports the fact that he later continued on the experiment at a different time.
The principle that lay behind the Philadelphia Experiment was the Unified Field Theory.  This theory states that gravity and magnetism are connected, just as mass and energy are connected through the formula E = mc2.  The official record states that Einstein never solved the Unified Field Theory.  However, the very nature of the Philadelphia Experiment suggests otherwise.  It is suspected that Einstein’s Unified Theory has become a government secret because it demonstrates that both time travel and interstellar space travel can be performed by manipulating space-time.  Space travel can be accomplished without the assistance of a rocket engine.



*
One fact, which everyone seemed to agree upon, is that a field was extended many yards, up to perhaps one hundred, outside of the ship and into the water (anonymous).  Everything inside of this sphere was vague in form and the only visible shape was the hull of the U.S.S. Eldridge in the water.  This field seemed to have a greenish color and was misty.  Another fact everyone agrees was that the U.S.S. Eldridge did not function properly after the experiment and became a source of trouble.  The last item everyone believes is that terrible side effects were manifested upon the crew members.  However, when one delves deeper into that particular subject, no one agrees on what the specific details are.

Some witnesses, Allende and Bielek in particular, state that matter itself was changed and that men were able to walk through physical objects.  When the field was shut off, some crew members were found stuck in bulkheads, others within the ship’s deck.  Some were found with the railings of the ship stuck through their bodies.  It was a horrendous sight.  The sailors supposedly went crazy after this and raided a bar.  They told the bar-maid their story and completely terrified her.  According to Allende, a newspaper article was written upon the raid, but no specific date was named, so the article cannot be found.  Most crew members went insane, but a few retained their sanity, only to be thrust into worse situations.  One man sat down to dinner with his wife and child, but then got up from the table, walked through the wall, and was never seen again.  Two others simply disappeared into thin air and were also never seen again.  Another crew member vanished in the middle of a fight, much to his opponent’s astonishment.  All three incidents had several witnesses.

The worse side effects of the experiment occurred when men became “stuck” or “locked into” what seems to be another dimensional space.  Getting stuck consisted of becoming invisible and being unable to move, speak, or interact with other people for a period of time.  Allende told about these events in his letters to Dr. Jessup.  The ships crew members identified the occurrence of “getting stuck” as “Hell Incorporated” (The Philadelphia Experiment, p. 42).  It was also known as the “freeze.”  A common freeze would last minutes to hours and was damaging psychologically, but did not cause madness.  A man would only come out of the “freeze” if other crew members laid their hands upon him to give him strength.  Unfortunately, in one instance of the “laying of hands,” two men who attempted to lay hands upon the man burst into flames and burned for 18 days (The Philadelphia Experiment, p. 44).  The fires could not be stopped, despite multiple attempts to quench the flames.  Needless to say, the laying of hands was discontinued from that point on.  Then, men started going into the “deep freeze,” when a man would be frozen for several days to several months.  During this time, the man is completely aware of others and their actions but was unable to communicate to them or interact with them.  Men in the “deep freeze” can only be seen by other crew members.  It only takes 2 days for a man to go completely crazy in the “deep freeze.”  The first “deep freeze” took 6 months and five million dollars worth of research and equipment to correct (The Philadelphia Experiment, p. 43).  The man who was stuck for 6 months went completely insane by the time he got out.  Carlos Allende wrote:  “Usually a deep freeze man goes mad, stark raving, gibbering, running mad, if his freeze is far more than a day in our time” (The Philadelphia Experiment, p. 42).  Rick Anderson uncovered research that states this disappearance or freezing of people is the Zeeman Affect.

    “Zeemanising - the Zeeman Effect is defined as spreading out of the spectral lines of atoms under the influence of a strong magnetic field.”

The few remaining sailors have a high PSI factor which is intensified by fear or hypnosis.  Unfortunately, they have all been discharged from the U.S. Navy as mentally unfit.




No comments:

Post a Comment